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Cocoa pod husk as fertilizer

Fertilizer Heute bestellen, versandkostenfrei Potentials of cocoa pod husk ash as fertilizer and liming materials on nutrient uptake and growth performance of cocoa *Adejobi, K. B., Famaye, A. O., Akanbi, O.S.O., Adeosun, S. A. Nduka, A. B. and Adeniyi, D. O. Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria, P.M.B. 5244, Ibadan, Nigeria. Accepted 27 June, 201

Cocoa pod husk and its ash have not been adequately studied in plant nutrition. Ayeni et al., (2008a) found that cocoa pod ash contained plant nutrients as N, P, K Ca, Mg and micronutrients and is good for tomato production (Odedina et al., 2003). About 800,000 tones of cocoa pod husk are generate The resulting cocoa pod husk compost mixture can serve as both a natural protectant against black pod disease and as an organic fertilizer that is rich in nutrients. Cocoa pod husk compost has several other benefits that promote healthy crop yields cocoa pod husk ash as nutrient source for kola seedlings was investigated (Ajayi et al, 2007a and 2007b). The cocoa pod ash increased growth and nutrient uptake by kola seedlings, and soil P, K, Ca and Mg were increased. Compared with NPK fertilizer, cocoa pod ash at 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 t ha-1 increased roo Cocoa pod husk (CPH), fresh and dry is generated in large quantities in cocoa farms in Nigeria.Nigeria produces annually about 8,000,000 tonnes of Cocoa Pod Husk (CPH), which are left to waste. By this it was estimated that 64000-94000 tonnes of nutrients like K, Ca and P and between 6000 Research Institute of Nigeria (CRIN), Ibadan. Cowpea pod husk (CPH) was obtained from near-by farm in Ibadan, Oyo State while NPK 15-15-15 fertilizer was obtained from Mikky Farm Limited, Akure, Ondo State. Cocoa pod husk, cowpea pod husk and kola pod husk were sun dried for 32 h. Only cocoa pod husk was bunt t

Egunjobi, O.A. (1976). On the Possible Utilization of Discarded Cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) Pod Husk as Fertilizer and Nematicides. Proceedings 5th International Cocoa Research Conference CRIN Ibadan. September 1 - 9, 1975, pp: 541-547 In Nigeria, there has always been a problem of inorganic fertilizer scarcity among farmers especially during the planting season. In order to solve this problem, cocoa pod husk based compost was developed for use on cocoa. Being a new technology, the perception of cocoa farmers on this organic fertilizer was assessed which is the aim of this study

cocoa plants, (ii) assess the possibility of using cocoa pod husk (CPH) and kola pod Husk (KPH) as fertilizer sources of raising young cocoa plants and, (iii) determine whether enrichment of these organic materials with mineral fertilizers (NPK) will strengthen their use as source of soil nutrients. MATERIALS AND METHOD Cocoa pod husks have been processed into animal feed by processes of slicing, partial drying, and pelletizing into granules. The dried pellets are used in animal feed formulations Cocoa Potash is a Ghana-based social venture focused on recycling cocoa pod husk into 95%+ pure organic caustic Potash and Potash fertilizer using a clean and eco-friendly production technology. The potash has the added benefit of being renewable, environmentally friendly, and economically rewarding to the farming communities, and our startup

Cocoa pod husk ash could be used to improve N, P, K, Ca and Mg supply to kola seedling in lieu of insufficient or lack of supply of NPK fertilizer. It ensures availability of cations and has a lining effect. Its use led to significant growth of kola seedling, It is recommended for use at 4 t ha -1 Comparative Assessment of Cocoa Pod Husk Biochar Fortified with NPK Fertilizer Formulations on Kola Seedling Nutrient Uptake and Soil Properties in Ibadan, Nigeria Ibiremo olufemi INTRODUCTIONKola is a tropical African genus that belongs to the family Sterculiaceae and has long history in West Africa [1] The economic efficiency indices show that the user of cocoa pod husk fertilizer has an index of 4.41 while the non-user has an index of 1.38. The study therefore recommended that cocoa pod husk fertilizer technology should be widely introduced among cocoa farmers and that the farmers should be encouraged to adopt it

Waste cocoa pods, co-composted with triple super phosphate and poultry manure, produced composts of desirable quality and can be effectively used to fertilize the cocoa seedlings Oladokun, M.A.O. (1986): Use of cocoa-pod husk as fertilizer for maize production. Nigerian J. Agronomy, 1., 103-109

The implication is that for every ton of cocoa pod husk, one will create ~60 kg of potassium carbonate and ~30 kg of a calcium/magnesium solid. The calcium/magnesium solid is best returned to the fields. These are necessary nutrients, and working the ash under the cocoa trees is part of an effective fertilizer program Other organic fertilizers studied by Adejobi et al. (2014) which enhanced cocoa seedling growth are kola pod husk and cowpea pod husks but these are unlikely to be available in any significant quantity Cocoa pod husk is a major waste of cocoa plants that can be used either as an organic fertilizer or as animal feed. For 972.400 hectares of cocoa plantation, produce as much as 572.900 tons of cocoa beans, while the waste generated reached 1.8766 million tons/year. However, only 94.515 tons of cocoa waste has been utilized. Give

Fertilizer - Fertilizer Restposte

Potash from cocoa pod husk - Potash is made when dried husks are incinerated in an aching kiln. The ash is used to make soap and fertilizer for cocoa, vegetables, and food crop Chocolate is a multi-billion-dollar international industry, with the bulk of cocoa coming from Africa. Every ton of cocoa beans harvested generates 10 tons of cocoa pod husks, says Jo Darkwa. Such features would guarantee low-cost fertilizers for organic cocoa production. Therefore, a most practical approach was to use the large quantities of cocoa pod husks, estimated at 800,000 tons annually, as an organic source for fertilizer production

  1. However, cocoa pod husk (CPH) remains under-exploited, as it is a renewable resource rich in dietary fiber, lignin, and bioactive antioxidants, such as polyphenols (Lu et al. 2018). The recovery of lignocellulosic fractions and bioactive compounds from cocoa pod husks can lead to the development of profitable basic products
  2. Screen house experiments were conducted at Ibadan and Akure Southwest Nigeria to study effect of applications of Cocoa Pod Husk Ash (CPHA) on nutrient uptake by kola (Cola nitida) seedlings.Six levels of CPHA namely 0, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 t ha-1 and NPKF fertilizer (NPKF) applied to soil at 200 kg ha-1 were compared as to their effect on growth parameters and nutrient uptake by kola seedlings
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  4. Cocoa pod have the potential to be used as an organic fertilizer because of the nutrient content in them. It was reported that 61% of the total nutrients in the cocoa pods are stored in the pod husks themselves. Liquid organic fertilizer derived from cocoa waste by combining EM-4 as a decomposer has an organic C content of 28.24%, a total N of 1, 64%, C / N ratio of 17%, P total 0, 98%, and K.
  5. Comparative effects of NPK fertilizer, cowpea pod husk and some tree crops wastes on soil, leaf chemical properties and growth performance of cocoa (Theobroma cacao L) K. B. Adejobi , O. Akanbi , +4 authors D. Adeniy

M. O. Ogunlade, E. A. Adeyemi, D. O. Ogunleti, and P. S. Ibiyomi, Effect of cocoa pod husk, urea fortified cocoa pod husk and NPK fertilizers on the growth and yield of Solanum macrocarpon cultivation, International Journal of Organic Agriculture Research and Development, vol. 3, pp. 1-8, 2011. View at: Google Schola The cocoa pod was sun dried and later placed in an open metallic container and ashed by setting the oven to 200oC. The dried cocoa pod was grinded into powder and calcinated in a furnace at 490oC for 6 hours. 2 litres of distilled water was used to leach out the potash by adding 500g of the calcinated cocoa pod husk Cocoa shell mulch has an approximate fertilizer value of 2.5-1-3; it will not burn vegetation Cacoa Husk Tea Organic Pod - Chocolate Shells Tea - Cocoa Shell Or Husks 200g. 4.3 out of 5 stars. Give your garden a treat when you spread cocoa shell mulch around your plants. Here are seven reasons your garden will love cocoa mulch. 1. Repurposed material. Unlike mulch made from wood chips and shredded bark, spreading cocoa shell mulch across your garden reuses a product that would otherwise get discarded Biostimulation of microbial degradation of crude oil polluted soil using cocoa pod husk and plantain peels. Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology Research. 2012;2(3):464-469

cocoa pod husk on the germination of red chilli seeds (Capsicum annuum L). The first stage of this research is the manufacture of liquid smoke from the cocoa pod husk using pyrolyzer. The resulting liquid smoke is subjected to chemical and physical quality testing, and is applied as a liquid fertilizer for red chilli seeds (Capsicum annuum L). Th Researchers concluded that Lycoperdon sp. and Pleurotus sp. could be potential decomposing agents in making high-quality fertilizers from cocoa pod husks. Cocoa pod husk compost produced using rot fungi were comparable with the inorganic fertilizer in promoting cocoa seedling growth, the researchers wrote Cocoa pod husk used as fertilizers has been tested on some crops. Cocoa husk used as soil amendment was found to increase the growth and fruit yield of tomato significantly (P>0.05) by 177% [16]. Different rates of cocoa husk ash increased soil pH, total N, available P, exchangeable K, Ca and Mg and also significantly increased the number of.

Comparative Effects of Npk Fertilizer, Cowpea Pod Husk and

Nitrogen uptake of cocoa seedlings as a response to cocoa pod husk derived liquid organic fertilizer application PELITA PERKEBUNAN, Volume 37, Number 1, April 2021 Edition 23 of Agriculture minimum technical criteria for organic fertilizer as it requires N content of 2% to be designated as solid or dried organic fertilizer Cocoa pod husk ash could be used to improve N, P, K, Ca and Mg supply to kola seedling in lieu of insufficient or lack of supply of NPK fertilizer. It ensures availability of cations and has a lining effect

An assessment of the perception of farmers on cocoa pod

Introduction of the cocoa 'Hitech' programme; Developed potash fertilizer from cocoa pod husk ash; Has recommended the following fertilizers for use on cocoa: - Granular fertilizers. Asaase Wura; Asaase Wura plus Zinc; Cocofeed; Cocoa Master; Nitrabor - Foliar fertilizers. Sidalco NPK 6:0:20, Sidalco NPK 10:10:10 and Sidalco NPK 20:2:4; Crop Ma The effect of cocoa pod husk-based compost on growth and nutrient uptake of cocoa seedlings was compared with conventional NPK 15-15-15 fertilizer at the nursery in a randomized complete block design experiment. Poly bags were filled with either top soil or compost alone, and also with mixtures of top soil, compost and inorganic fertilizer in various ratios to provide the following treatments:..

Cocoa pod husk (CPH), which forms over 70% (w/w) of the whole matured cocoa fruit, is a major by-product from the cocoa industry but is currently under-utilised. Thus at every cocoa harvesting season, enormous quantities of CPH become available but discarded as 'waste'. For each ton of dry beans produced, ten tons of cocoa pod husks are. including cocoa pod husks, cocoa bean shells and cocoa sweatings. Farmers routinely discard these residues/by-products during the initial cocoa bean processing steps, occupying vast areas and raising social and environmental concerns. Alternatively, this residual biomass is used as cocoa tree fertilizer

Aside leaching, which is negligible in cocoa ecosystem, cocoa beans and pod-husk were observed to be the main determinants of nutrient loss in old cocoa farms. Results also revealed that fresh leaf, pod-husk and cocoa bean account for an average of 2.3%, 12.3% and 41.6% of nutrient loss, respectively The study was carried out at the Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria (CRIN), Ibadan (Lat. 7°25'N Long. 3°25'E), South-western, Nigeria during the 2010/2011 seedling production season to compare the effects of NPK (20:10:10) fertilizer, Cocoa Pod Husk and Oil Palm Bunch Ash (CPHA and OPA) on the seedling growth and dry matter yield of cocoa (T. Cocoa pod husk ash is used mainly for soft soap manufacture. It may also be used as fertilizer for cocoa, vegetables, and food crops. To prepare the ash, fresh husks are spread out in the open to dry for one to two weeks. The dried husks are then incinerated in an ashing kiln. 4 CPHA—cocoa-pod husk-ash; OPA—oil-palm bunch-ash; t/ha—ton per hectare. Means that carry the same letters are not significantly different. who observed a depression in the growth of cocoa and coffee seedlings respectively when fertilizer material such as cocoa pod husk ash, Urea and NPK fertilizers were used on cocoa and coffee seedlings

It is a known fact that when cocoa is harvested the pod husk is thrown away as a waste because many people do not know its economic benefit. In fact it can be converted to potassium carbonate (potash) for export. Potash has a lot of uses such as the production of fertilizers, printing inks, soaps, detergents, potassium salts, dehydrating agents. Cocoa beans are a good source of potassium, magnesium and iron. The worldwide consumption of chocolate every year is estimated to be at least 7.2 million tons (2017). The crushed shells or pod husks of cocoa beans can be used as a cost-effective, organic fertilizer to help in suppressing weeds, conserving moisture, and minimizing erosion

Growth of cocoa (Theobroma cacao L

A revenue of N178,980 and N91,200 per hectare was realized by the user and non-user of cocoa pod husk fertilizer, respectively, while the net revenue per hectare by the user and non-user of cocoa pod husk fertilizer was N145,874 and N52,840 respectively. The economic efficiency indices show that the user of cocoa pod husk fertilizer has an. pod husks is to macerate them and distribute them under the trees as organic fertilizer. This, however, may also spread plant pathogens, especially microbes that thrive on the rich organic material [7]. Alternative approaches have been to extract cacao metabolites of economic value [8] from the pod husks [5,9,10] or to subjec A laboratory experiment was carried out at Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria, Ibadan to evaluate the nutrient release pattern of neem fortified cocoa pod husk developed for use as organic fertilizer materials. Cocoa Pod Husk (CPH), Neem Leaf (NL), Neem Seed (NS), CPH + NL (90:10), CPH + NL (80:20), CPH + NS (90:10) and CPH + NS (80:20) were.

CRIG - Cocoa By-Produc

Effects of Fertilizers on Cocoa Production 812 bunch, and cocoa pod husk) and inorganic fertilizer on cocoa production and the soil chemical properties. It is expected that the results of this study could persuade cocoa farmers to use organic fertilizers in their farms. All samples were sent to an accredited laboratory fo Generally cocoa pod ash applied at 25 tons/ha was the most effective treatment improving cocoa growth and yield parameters, soil chemical composition. Key words: Cocoa pod husk ash, cocoa growth, fertilizer, liming, organic matter A laboratory experiment was carried out at Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria, Ibadan to evaluate the nutrientrelease pattern of neem fortified cocoa pod husk developed for use as organic fertilizer materials. Cocoa Pod Husk(CPH), Neem Leaf (NL), Neem Seed (NS), CPH + NL (90:10), CPH + NL (80:20), CPH + NS (90:10) and CPH +NS (80:20) were. The result of experiment showed that there was an influence of cocoa pod husk and NPK tablet fertilizer on cocoa fruit weight at 12 MSP, that is cocoa pod husk 9 kg/tree + NPK tablet fertilizer 20 tablets/tree. Number of cherelle wilted at 12 MSP with cocoa pod husk 9 kg/tree + NPK tablet fertilizer 20 tablets/tree The Cocoa tree bears fruit on its trunk and branches. They are called pods.The pods contain seeds which are called cocoa beans. The beans are made up of a seed coat, a kernel and a germ. Cocoa needs a high temperature, plenty of water and air that is always moist. Therefore, cocoa is grown in the hot and humid regions of Africa (mainly in forest regions), Central and South America, Asia and.

For every 1,000 kg of dried cocoa beans and their pod husks, between 129 and 143 kg of nutrients is absorbed from the soil. Cacao trees require a special 'cocoa fertilizer' to ensure that. Potash (from Cocoa pod Husk) - Cocoa pod husk ash is primarily used to manufacture soft soap. In some cases, it can also be used as fertilizer for cocoa, vegetables, and other basic food crops. To prepare the cocoa ash, the cocoa fresh husks are spread out in the air to dry for about one to two weeks A laboratory incubation study was carried out to determine the mineralization and interaction rates of N, P, K, Mg, Ca and Na by kola pod husk (KPH), Cocoa pod husk (CPH) and urea fertilizer (100UF) mixed with soil collected from an Alfisol in Southwestern Nigeria. Kola pod husk (KPH) and CPH were applied at the rate of 0, 2.5 and 5g kg-1

Moses OGUNLADE | Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria

Home - Cocoa Potash In

The Ghana Cocoa Processing Company (CPC) has revealed plans to produce electricity using cocoa husks and bean shells, the company's Public Relations Manager, James Francis Ekow Rhule, has confirmed to theghanareport.com.. He said the initiative is aimed at reducing the burden on the national grid to ease power generated by the Volta River Authority (VRA) and other Independent Power Producers. Synonyms for benniseed in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for benniseed. 1 synonym for benniseed: sesame seed. What are synonyms for benniseed ANRICO and it's partners have formed a strategic cocoa development consortium to establish five cocoa processing factories in Ghana and Cote D'Ivoire, the two largest producers of cocoa, to help increase the value of the produce in the region and empower the farming communities that grow the crop to increase their standard of living with technology Cocoa Pod Husk, Kola Pod Husk and Urea Fertilizer in Alfisol 3.2. Nutrient Mineralization by Cocoa Pod Husk, Kola Pod Husk and Urea Fertilizer at 30 Days There were no significant differences in pH of the soil samples when KPH, CPH and 100UF were applied to the soil. However, the treatments seemed to increase soil pH compared to the control indicated that if a type of fertilizer (cocoa pod husk fertilizer) is introduced, they are ready to use it. Results also showed that 23.36% of the respondents were using fertilizer on arables while 76.64% did not. However, 75% of the inorganic fertilizer used was NPK fertilizer while 25% was single super phosphate (SSP). Also, 50% of th

Comparative Effect of Cocoa Pod Husk Ash and NPK

Pod Husk Enriched Effects on Growth »a Seedlings ra dengan Mineral dan Pengaruhnya 'it Kopi dan Kakao Summan Up to now, cocoa pod husk is commonl ing facilities or in the field and being considen tive impact of the husks and to obtain added into granule fertilizer has been carried out. F obtain organic paste, then mixed with 5% zeol (w/w) REFERENCES . Adejobi KB, Akanbi OS Ugioro O Adeosun SA Mohammed I Nduka BA Adeniyi DO (2013). Comparative effects of NPK fertilizer, cowpea pod husk and some tree crops wastes on soil, leaf chemical properties and growth performance of cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.).Afri J Plant Sci 8(2): 103-107 (MoyinJesu & Atoyosoye, 2002), studied sole and amended forms of wood ash, cocoa pod husk and rice bran with poultry manure on growth of coffee seedling and observed increased plant height, stem girth and shoot weight of coffee seedlings Cocoa powder isn't very water soluble, so I was thinking about adding a teaspoon to a gallon of water, and letting it marinate for a few days, before I fertilize my plant. Cocoa acts on our Cannaboid, and opioid receptors. I'm wondering if Cocoa powder fertilizer could some how enhance the effects of weed, or increase it's potency At farm level, instead of using cocoa shells, which will be used at processing level to create green energy, we are looking at creating Biochar from agricultural residues, like empty cocoa pod husks, pruning material and other residues, she continues. The ultimate goal is to keep biomass on the farm and enhance living soils

(PDF) Effect of cocoa pod husk ash and goat dung on

(PDF) Comparative Assessment of Cocoa Pod Husk Biochar

Organic cocoa mulch, which contains nitrogen, phosphate, and potash and has a pH of 5.8, adds beneficial nutrients to the soil. Using cocoa hulls in the garden is an excellent way to increase soil vitality and is an attractive top cover for both flower beds and vegetable patches. Cocoa bean hulls also help retain moisture in garden beds and. Cocoa pod husk waste is a problem in the cocoa field, but . it . potentially as a source . of organic matter to improve soil fertility. The paper discuss about the ability of . Tremella sp. and . Pleurotus . sp. on producing phytohormone and on degrading. cocoa . pod husks waste. The . research start with isolation, screening, and propagation. Output Cocoa pod husk-based soft soap. 2.1.4. Production of organic fertilizer (manure) using cocoa pod husks Cocoa pod husks are biodegradable and as such decompose or rot readily releasing nutrients back to the soil. One way of using cocoa pod husks as organic fertilizer is to scatter the husks on the farm and leave to decompose [9] O.A. Egunjobi, On the possible utilization of discarded cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) pod husks as fertilizer and nematicides, Proceedings of the 5th International Cocoa Research Conference, CRIN, Ibadan, Sept. 1-9, 1975, pp. 541-547, 1976 Cocoa pod husk waste is a problem in the cocoa field, but it potentially as a source of organic matter to improve soil fertility.The paper discuss about the ability of Tremella sp and Pleurotus sp on producing phytohormone and on degrading cocoa pod husks waste

© IDOSI Publications, 2011 Impact of Cocoa Pod Husk

Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock, 2012, 2014 cocoa production nationwide was 133,323 tons and a harvested area of 390,176 hectares. The seed is mainly used in the chocolate industry and the cocoa pod husk (CPH) is used to generate fertilizer, pectin, etc.; seeking to exploit this waste as raw material cocoa pod husk powder in combination with high level of cocoa pod husk ash is detrimental to radish cultivation. In the same vein, the nutrition of radish was incomplete when NPK fertilizer was applied. It can therefore be recommended that the use of combined application of cocoa pod ash and cocoa pod powder at CPHA4 + CPHP2 was sufficient for th cocoa pod husk has been found as useful source of both macro and micro nutrients for various crops in Nigeria (Ajayi et al., 2007; Akanbi et al., 2014). However, the effects of integrated nutrien Adeniyi, Potentials of cocoa pod husk ash as fertilizer and liming materials on nutrient uptake and growth performance of cocoa, Research Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Management, vol. Phosphorus Speciation by [sup.31]P NMR Spectroscopy in Leaf Litters and Crop Residues from Para Rubber, Cocoa, Oil Palm, and Banana Plantations in.

Enriched cocoa pod composts and their fertilizing effects

The bean is now used for chocolate, sweets, desserts, medicine, herbs, beverage, drink e.t.c The crushed shells or the pod husks of the cocoa bean are used as a cost-effective, organic fertilizer to help in suppressing weeds, conserving moisture, and minimizing erosion. Basically, Nigeria is the third largest producer of this product in West. We are a Canadian company with a vision of utilizing the waste cocoa husks in West Africa. Our vision is to reach into every cocoa producing country and build sustainable partnerships fostering economic prosperity for farmers, women and families and in so doing make Organic Potash Corporation (OPC) the premier producer of organically sourced potassium carbonate and its derivatives in the world

Cocoa-pod Husk Meal SpringerLin

The present invention relates to a biofertilizer comprising at least one bacterial strain selected from the group comprising Pseadomonas aeruginosa strain AGKT 1, Serratia marcescens strain AGKT4 and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens , and optionally also a suitable culture medium. The biofertilizer may further comprise a carrier, which is selected from cocoa pod husk, cocoa bean shell and peat moss Holes in cocoa pod husk caused by insect larvae entering and exiting the pod; uneven and premature ripening of pods; seeds sticking together inside pod due to insect eating surrounding tissue; harvested cocoa beans clump together and can be very difficult to remove from the pod; adult insect is a small brown moth; larvae are cream in color and. main process in the cocoa industry includes a wide range of intermediate products that include cocoa liquor, cocoa butter, cocoa cake and raw cocoa powder. Cocoa pulp juice is a by-product used in the production of industrial alcohol and alcoholic beverages while the pod husks and shells are used as animal feed or fertilizer

On the Production of Potassium Carbonate from Cocoa Pod Husk

Sometimes those parts can be easily repurposed, like dried corn husks for tamales. The cocoa plant, the primary ingredient of chocolate, is made from the beans inside large, protective pods. Once dried and marketable, about 90% of the cocoa pod is considered waste. This byproduct presents a significant problem for several reasons Although the production of the medium, large and total (sum of small, medium and large) cocoa pods (number ha −1 yr −1) was 28, 58 and 30% respectively, greater in conventional cocoa farms than organic cocoa systems (Fig. 5, p = 0.010, p < 0.001, p = 0.002, respectively), the production of these cocoa pods per tree were similar between.

Comparative Effect of Cocoa Pod Husk Ash and NPKAfrican Journal of Agricultural Research - effect of

Pelita Perkebunan, Coffee and Cocoa Research Journal (CCRJ): ISSN:0215-0212; E-ISSN:2406-9574 Since its establishment in 1911, Indonesian Coffee and Cocoa Research Institute (ICCRI) formerly Besoekisch Proefstation, had published its research findings through a journal call Mededelingen van het Besoekisch Proefstation. Between 1948-1981 the research institute was under the supervision of Bogor. Cocoa liquor: It is the semi-liquid extract from fresh cocoa beans that have not been dried or fermented. Consisting of roughly equal proportion of cocoa butter and cocoa solids, it is the chief ingredient in chocolate and confectionery products. Cocoa husks: The husks of cocoa pods are used in making animal feed, fertilizer, and mulch Chapter 10: Proximal composition and the nutritional and functional properties of cocoa by- products (pods and husks) for their use in the food industry.. A book chapter focusing o