January in the Garden – Orlando Sentinel

  • Average temperature: High 72; Low 50
  • rainfall: 2.43 inch

1. January moon phase

  • full moon: January 6
  • Last quarter: January 14th
  • New moon: January 21st
  • Q1: January 28th

2. Moon Sign Planting Day

  • Plant above-ground crops: 1, 2, 5, 6, 24, 25, 28, 29.
  • Planting Underground Crops: 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 17, 20, 21.
  • Control Weeds: 3, 4, 22, 23, 30, 31.
  • Prune trees and shrubs: 8, 9, 18, 19, 26, 27.

3. Vegetables: Asparagus, beets, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, celery, collards, endive, horseradish, kale, kohlrabi, lettuce, mustard, onion set, peas, potatoes, radicchio, radishes, rocket, rutabagas, spinach, Swiss chard and turnips.

4. Flowers: Alyssum, Baby’s Breath, Calendula, California Poppy, Creome, Candytuft, Carnation, Delphinium, Dianthus, Dusty Miller, Foxglove, Gaillardia, Geranium, Godetia, Hollyhock, Iceland Poppy, Lobelia, Nasturtium, Ornamental Cabbage & Kale, Pansy, Petunia, shasta daisy, statice, stock, sweet pea.

5. Herbs: Anise, bay, cardamom, chives, coriander, fennel, garlic, ginger, lavender, mint, oregano, parsley, rosemary, sage, sweet marjoram, thyme, watercress.

6. Bulb: African Iris, Asiatic Lily, Amaryllis, Blood Lily, Bulbs, Crinum, Daylily, Louisiana Iris, Society Garlic, Spider Lily, Rain Lily, Chilled Dutch Iris, Tulips, Daffodils, Hyacinths.

7. After the stormy season, there is little or spotty rain. Water allowed to keep the turf moist.

8. Large tan circular spots on the lawn can be caused by brown patch fungus.

9. Lawns affected by brown patches should recover. Apply a fungicide to prevent further damage.

Ten. Spots of beetle activity were found on the lawn. Treat as needed.

11. Lawns can grow even during the winter. Continue watering and mowing as needed.

12. Mow the lawn to keep it looking even. Do not change blade height.

13Lawn feeding time is until the end of winter.

14. If necessary, try regreening yellow grass by applying iron or a small amount of nutrient.

15. Many warm season weeds have turned brown. Remove these areas and reprocess.

16. Fill the exposed areas with grass or plugs. Delay sowing permanent grass until spring.

17. Ryegrass can be sown to temporarily regreen brown turf or fill in bare ground.

18. Use a selective herbicide that matches your lawn type to spot-kill patches of persistent winter weeds.

19. Limit the turf to just what you need for family play and fun.

20. Turn off sprinklers before freezing weather.

twenty one. Annual maintenance of lawn mowers.

twenty two. Winter is a good time to add hardy trees, shrubs and vines to your landscape.

twenty three. Make sure the root ball is moist when planting, and add a bar to allow water to flow directly to the root ball.

twenty four. Winter and spring are dry times. Update multi-layers to keep moisture in.

twenty five. Leaves are falling from trees and shrubs. Use as mulch or add to your compost pile.

26. January is a good time to start annual pruning of trees and shrubs.

27. Cut dead or decaying parts from trees and shrubs.

28. Schedule your large-scale tree felling now for severe weather in 2023.

29. Crape myrtle can start grooming from this month. Remove only the seed heads and twigs.

30. Remove dead leaves and old seed heads from the palm, but keep the good green foliage.

31. Keeps actively growing plants moist to keep them green and attractive.

32. Watering once a week or less is usually sufficient for plants with deep roots.

33Repot waning flowerbeds and planters with hardy cool season selections.

34. Container gardens are a great way to enjoy plants in the landscape.

35Add colored hanging baskets in easy-to-see locations.

36. Feed the container garden weekly if needed for growth. Monthly underground annual planting.

37. Frame beds and walkways to frame the landscape.

38. Divide and replant perennials.

39. Learn which plants need winter protection. Many people benefit from the cold weather.

40. Protect only cold-tolerant plants from frost and freezing.

41. A thick cloth cover fixed to the ground is the best protection against the cold.

42. If cold weather is expected, move frost- and freeze-sensitive container plants to a warmer location.

43. Turn off the automatic irrigation system during freezing weather.

44. Install micro sprinklers to save water and only water where you need it.

45. Collect and store rainwater for use in containers and landscaping.

46. Reduce landscape maintenance by planting fewer annuals and more perennials.

47. Trim your hanging baskets and planters by removing old flowers and thin stems.

48. Protects orchids and tropical houseplants from temperatures below 45°C.

49. Test soil acidity on azalea, philodendron and ixora plantings and adjust as needed.

50. Turn your Christmas tree into a wildlife feeder or landscape mulching.

51. Now is the time to dig trees and shrubs and move them from one part of the landscape to another.

52. Repair gardening supplies.

53. Place aviaries, feeders, and bass in the landscape.

54. Add decorations to your landscape, such as statues, gaze spheres, and sundials.

55. Repair wooden benches and chairs.

56. Only one more month left to plant rice in the cold season. Add seeds and transplants to your garden.

57. Potatoes are planted from seed pieces available at garden centers.

58. Feed winter vegetables and herbs every 3-4 weeks or use a slow-release fertilizer.

59. Tomatoes, peppers and eggplants are sown in early January and transplanted in March.

60. Prepare the spring planting site by adding plenty of organic matter to the sandy soil.

61. Plant flower tufts among vegetables to encourage pollinators to visit.

62. Save on shipping charges. Find seeds, bulbs and grafts locally.

63. Store the saved seeds in an airtight container in the refrigerator until sowing.

64. Add bird netting to strawberry plantings.

65. Caterpillars are common cool season pests. Controlled by hand-picking or natural spray.

66. Harvest herbs and start new plants to ensure a continuous supply.

67. Prune apple, grape, peach, pear, and fig plantings.

68. Plant hardy fruit trees, shrubs and vines.

69. Blueberry production requires acidic soil. Test the soil before planting.

70. Cloth covers, loose hay and boxes may be required for winter protection of some crops.

71Low maintenance cacti and succulents are ideal indoor plants.

72. Christmas and similar cacti can be kept in a bright room with morning sun.

73. Larger plants grown in containers can often be split to produce more for home use.

74. Groom at least weekly to keep existing plants longer.

75. Check for pests in houseplants brought indoors from the landscape.

76. Use a mild detergent to wash indoor foliage to remove dust and control pests.

77. Cut off yellowed leaves and hanging flower stems.

78. Move faded plants to higher light levels.

79Water your houseplants when the soil is dry.

80. Move poinsettias and similar holiday plants to your patio to enjoy on warmer days.

Tom MacCubbin is an Honorary Urban Horticulturalist at the University of Florida Joint Extension Services. Contact him: Orlando Sentinel, PO Box 2833, Orlando FL 32802. Email: TomMac1996@aol.comBlog with Tom OrlandoSentinel.com/tomdigs.

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